TbUTP10, a protein involved in early stages of pre-18S rRNA processing in Trypanosoma brucei

Drahomíra Faktorová, Anita Bär, Hassan Hashimi, Katherine McKenney, Aleš Horák, Achim Schnaufer, Mary Anne T Rubio, Juan D Alfonzo, Julius Lukeš

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ribosome biosynthesis, best studied in opisthokonts, is a highly complex process involving numerous protein and RNA factors. Yet, very little is known about the early stages of pre-18S rRNA processing even in these model organisms, let alone the conservation of this mechanism in other eukaryotes. Here we extend our knowledge of this process by identifying and characterizing the essential protein TbUTP10, a homolog of yeast U3 small nucleolar RNA-associated protein 10 - UTP10 (HEATR1 in human), in the excavate parasitic protist Trypanosoma brucei. We show that TbUTP10 localizes to the nucleolus and that its ablation by RNAi knock-down in two different T. brucei life cycle stages results in similar phenotypes: a disruption of pre-18S rRNA processing, exemplified by the accumulation of rRNA precursors, a reduction of mature 18S rRNA, and also a decrease in the level of U3 snoRNA. Moreover, polysome profiles of the RNAi-induced knock-down cells show a complete disappearance of the 40S ribosomal subunit, and a prominent accumulation of the 60S large ribosomal subunit, reflecting impaired ribosome assembly. Thus, TbUTP10 is an important protein in the processing of 18S rRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume225
Early online date21 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Gene Silencing
  • Genes, Essential
  • Protozoan Proteins/genetics
  • RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 18S/metabolism
  • RNA, Small Nucleolar/metabolism
  • RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei/enzymology

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