Teacher-student relationships in childhood as a protective factor against adolescent delinquency up to age 17: A propensity score matching approach

Ingrid Obsuth*, Aja Louise Murray, Monja Knoll, Denis Ribeaud, Manuel Eisner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we examined the impact of the quality of teacher-student relationships at age 10 on young people’s delinquency at ages 13, 15, and 17 utilizing propensity-score matching. The young people were matched based on 105 characteristics, measured at ages 7 to 10. The sample comprised 1483 (49.4% female) adolescents representing around 80 different countries of origin, residing in Zurich, Switzerland. We found that young people who reported a better relationship with their teacher at age 10, engaged in fewer delinquent acts at ages 13, 15, and 17. These findings suggest that when young people perceive a better relationship with their teachers this serves as a protective factor against their engagement in delinquency up to 7 years later.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Early online date10 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 May 2021

Keywords

  • delinquency
  • longitudinal
  • multi-informant
  • propensity score matching
  • teacher-student relationships

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