This chapter examines the growing influence of reflexive over teleological nationalism in sub-state movements. Teleological nationalism is the more conventional modern type, involving a menu of set goals, the ultimate being full sovereignty. Reflexive nationalism, by contrast, involves an adjustable relationship between a self-defining ‘people’ and a set of institutional platforms, where collective goals are cumulative rather than predetermined, relative rather than absolute. Reflexive nationalism claims a standing right to decide - ‘sovereignty of choice’ rather than ‘sovereignty of outcome’. Particularly in the unsettled environment of contemporary multilayered Europe, where the supranational EU challenges the sovereign authority of member states, national movements (in Scotland, Catalonia, Flanders, etc.) tend towards reflexive nationalism.
|Title of host publication||Changing Borders in Europe|
|Subtitle of host publication||Exploring the Dynamics of Integration, Differentiation and Self-Determination in the European Union|
|Editors||Jacint Jordana, Michael Keating, Alex Marx, Jan Wouters|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 2018|