Temporal Biomarker Profiling Reveals Longitudinal Changes in Risk of Death or Myocardial Infarction in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome

Mark Y Chan, Megan L Neely, Matthew T Roe, Shaun G Goodman, David Erlinge, Jan H Cornel, Kenneth J Winters, Joseph A Jakubowski, Chunmei Zhou, Keith A A Fox, Paul W Armstrong, Harvey D White, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, E Magnus Ohman, Kurt Huber, TRILOGY ACS Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data on whether changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentrations between time points (delta NT-proBNP and hs-CRP) are associated with a change in prognosis.

METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP and hs-CRP at 3 time points in 1665 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). Cox proportional hazards was applied to the delta between temporal measurements to determine the continuous association with cardiovascular events. Effect estimates for delta NT-proBNP and hs-CRP are presented per 40% increase as the basic unit of temporal change.

RESULTS: Median NT-proBNP was 370.0 (25th, 75th percentiles, 130.0, 996.0), 340.0 (135.0, 875.0), and 267.0 (111.0, 684.0) ng/L; and median hs-CRP was 4.6 (1.7, 13.1), 1.9 (0.8, 4.5), and 1.8 (0.8, 4.4) mg/L at baseline, 30 days, and 6 months, respectively. The deltas between baseline and 6 months were the most prognostically informative. Every +40% increase of delta NT-proBNP (baseline to 6 months) was associated with a 14% greater risk of cardiovascular death (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.14, 95% CI, 1.03-1.27) and with a 14% greater risk of all-cause death (adjusted HR 1.14, 95% CI, 1.04-1.26), while every +40% increase of delta hs-CRP (baseline to 6 months) was associated with a 9% greater risk of the composite end point (adjusted HR 1.09, 95% CI, 1.02-1.17) and a 10% greater risk of myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 1.10, 95%, CI 1.00-1.20).

CONCLUSIONS: Temporal changes in NT-proBNP and hs-CRP are quantitatively associated with future cardiovascular events, supporting their role in dynamic risk stratification of NSTEACS.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00699998.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Chemistry
Early online date28 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Temporal Biomarker Profiling Reveals Longitudinal Changes in Risk of Death or Myocardial Infarction in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this