Temporal variation of applied inter fragmentary displacement at a bone fracture in harmony with maturation of the fracture callus

T N Gardner, M Evans, H Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The amplitude of inter fragmentary displacement in long bone fractures greatly influences the pattern and speed of healing. Unfortunately, the amplitude of natural cyclical displacement arising from patient activity is random because of the inherent flexibility of fixation devices under natural loading. Although fixators may be designed to control the amplitude of this displacement, the amplitudes most beneficial to healing have not been determined. Furthermore, the appropriate amplitude must vary during healing as the reparative tissue (callus) progresses histologically and stiffens during maturation. In this study on an experimental fracture, the amplitude of applied cyclical displacement is varied during healing to correspond with the inverse of the callus stiffness versus time curve. In vivo mechanical stiffness tests on the callus indicate that the end point of the fixation period is achieved more rapidly than with a constant level of applied displacement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-4
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Volume20
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bony Callus
  • Female
  • Fracture Fixation
  • Fracture Healing
  • Humans
  • Sheep
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tibia
  • Time Factors
  • Transducers

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