Ten isoenzymes of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase from plant cell walls select and cleave the donor substrate stochastically

N M Steele, Z Sulova, P Campbell, J Braam, V Farkas, S C Fry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To map the preferred cleavage sites of xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs; EC 2.4.1.207) along the donor substrate chain, we incubated the enzymes with tamarind (Tamarindus indica) xyloglucan (donor substrate; approximate to 205 kDa; 21 muM) plus the nonasaccharide [H-3]XLLGol (Gal(2). Xyl(3). Glc(3).[H-3]glucitol; acceptor substrate; 0.6 muM). After short incubation times, to minimize multiple cleavages, the size of the H-3-labelled transglycosylation products (determined by gel-permeation chromatography) indicated the positions of the cleavage sites relative to the non-reducing terminus of the donor. There was very little difference between the size profiles of the products formed by any of ten XETs tested [one native XET purified from cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) florets, four native XET isoenzymes purified from etiolated mung-bean (Phaseolus aureus) shoots, native XETs purified from Lentil (Lens culinaris) and nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) seeds, and three insect-cell-produced thalecress (Arabidopsis thaliana) XETs (EXGT, TCH4 and MERI-5)]. All such product profiles showed a good ht to a model in which the enzyme chooses its donor substrate independently of size and attacks it, once only, at a randomly selected cleavage site. The results therefore do not support the hypothesis that different XET isoenzymes are adapted to produce longer or shorter products such as might favour either the efficient integration of new xyloglucan into the cell wall or the re-structuring of old xyloglucan within an expanding wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-679
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume355
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2001

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ten isoenzymes of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase from plant cell walls select and cleave the donor substrate stochastically'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this