TY - JOUR

T1 - Testing General Relativity with 21 cm intensity mapping

AU - Hall, Alex

AU - Bonvin, Camille

AU - Challinor, Anthony

N1 - 26 pages, 8 figures. Added section on general bias, conclusions unchanged. Matches published version

PY - 2013/3/19

Y1 - 2013/3/19

N2 - We investigate the prospects for constraining alternative theories of gravity with a typical near-term low-budget 21 cm intensity mapping experiment. We derive the 21 cm brightness temperature perturbation consistently in linear theory including all line-of-sight and relativistic effects. We uncover new terms that are a small correction on large scales, analogous to those recently found in the context of galaxy surveys. We then perform a Fisher matrix analysis of the B_0 parametrization of f(R) gravity, where B_0 is proportional to the square of Compton wavelength of the scalaron. We find that our 21 cm survey, in combination with CMB information from Planck, will be able to place a 95% upper limit of 7 x 10^{-5} on B_0 in flat models with a LCDM expansion history, improving on current cosmological constraints by several orders of magnitude. We argue that this constraint is limited by our ability to model the mildly non-linear regime of structure formation in modified gravity. We also perform a model-independent principal component analysis on the free functions introduced into the field equations by modified gravity, mu and Sigma. We find that 20--30 modes of the free functions will be `well-constrained' by our combination of observables, the lower and upper limits dependent on the criteria used to define the `goodness' of the constraint. These constraints are found to be robust to uncertainties in the time-dependence of the bias. Our analysis reveals that our observables are sensitive primarily to temporal variations in Sigma and scale variations in mu. We argue that the inclusion of 21 cm intensity maps will significantly improve constraints on any cosmological deviations from General Relativity in large-scale structure in a very cost-effective manner.

AB - We investigate the prospects for constraining alternative theories of gravity with a typical near-term low-budget 21 cm intensity mapping experiment. We derive the 21 cm brightness temperature perturbation consistently in linear theory including all line-of-sight and relativistic effects. We uncover new terms that are a small correction on large scales, analogous to those recently found in the context of galaxy surveys. We then perform a Fisher matrix analysis of the B_0 parametrization of f(R) gravity, where B_0 is proportional to the square of Compton wavelength of the scalaron. We find that our 21 cm survey, in combination with CMB information from Planck, will be able to place a 95% upper limit of 7 x 10^{-5} on B_0 in flat models with a LCDM expansion history, improving on current cosmological constraints by several orders of magnitude. We argue that this constraint is limited by our ability to model the mildly non-linear regime of structure formation in modified gravity. We also perform a model-independent principal component analysis on the free functions introduced into the field equations by modified gravity, mu and Sigma. We find that 20--30 modes of the free functions will be `well-constrained' by our combination of observables, the lower and upper limits dependent on the criteria used to define the `goodness' of the constraint. These constraints are found to be robust to uncertainties in the time-dependence of the bias. Our analysis reveals that our observables are sensitive primarily to temporal variations in Sigma and scale variations in mu. We argue that the inclusion of 21 cm intensity maps will significantly improve constraints on any cosmological deviations from General Relativity in large-scale structure in a very cost-effective manner.

KW - astro-ph.CO

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.064026

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.064026

M3 - Article

JO - Physical Review D, particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology

JF - Physical Review D, particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology

SN - 0556-2821

ER -