TFEC is a macrophage-restricted member of the microphthalmia-TFE subfamily of basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factors

M Rehli, A Lichanska, A I Cassady, M C Ostrowski, D A Hume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The murine homologue of the TFEC was cloned as part of an analysis of the expression of the microphthalmia-TFE (MiT) subfamily of transcription factors in macrophages. TFEC, which most likely acts as a transcriptional repressor in heterodimers with other MiT family members, was identified in cells of the mononuclear phagocyte lineage, coexpressed with all other known MiT subfamily members (Mitf, TFE3, TFEB). Northern blot analysis of several different cell lineages indicated that the expression of murine TFEC (mTFEC) was restricted to macrophages. A 600-bp fragment of the TATA-less putative proximal promoter of TFEC shares features with many known macrophage-specific promoters and preferentially directs luciferase expression in the RAW264.7 macrophage cell line in transient transfection assays. Five of six putative Ets motifs identified in the TFEC promoter bind the macrophage-restricted transcription factor PU.1 under in vitro conditions and in transfected 3T3 fibroblasts; the minimal luciferase activity of the TFEC promoter could be induced by coexpression of PU.1 or the related transcription factor Ets-2. The functional importance of the tissue-restricted expression of TFEC and a possible role in macrophage-specific gene regulation require further investigation, but are likely to be linked to the role of the other MiT family members in this lineage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559-65
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume162
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1999

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs
  • Leucine Zippers
  • Macrophages
  • Mice
  • Microphthalmos
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Osteoclasts
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Activation

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