Thapsigargin-induced mobilization of dendritic dense-cored vesicles in rat supraoptic neurons

Vicky A Tobin, Gillian Hurst, Linda Norrie, Francesco P Dal Rio, Philip M Bull, Mike Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dense-cored vesicles (DCVs) containing oxytocin or vasopressin are secreted from both the nerve terminals in the posterior pituitary and dendrites in the hypothalamus of magnocellular supraoptic neurons. Dendritic secretion can be enhanced (primed) by pretreatment with either thapsigargin or oxytocin for subsequent activity-dependent release. Here, we determined whether priming involves a translocation of DCV closer to the dendritic membrane. To reduce total vesicle content, rats were salt-loaded for 24 h before application of thapsigargin or vehicle onto the ventrally exposed surface of the supraoptic nucleus in vivo. Tissues were then prepared for quantitative electron microscopic analysis of the total incidence of DCVs within supraoptic dendritic cross-sections, and of the incidence and distance (within a 500-nm margin) of each DCV to the dendritic plasma membrane. Salt loading per se did not alter the frequency distribution or average proportion of DCVs found in the 500-nm margin but significantly decreased the average incidence of DCVs per dendrite by 30% (P < 0.05). However, thapsigargin treatment resulted in a significant increase in the total incidence of DCVs within the 500-nm margins and a higher incidence of DCVs within the first 200 nm of the plasma membrane (P < 0.05), indicating that the thapsigargin-induced priming involves a relocation of DCVs closer to sites of secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2909-12
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Dendrites
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Female
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Neurons
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Secretory Vesicles
  • Sodium Chloride, Dietary
  • Supraoptic Nucleus
  • Thapsigargin

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