The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: power-spectrum analysis of the final data set and cosmological implications

2dFGRS Team, S Cole, W J Percival, J A Peacock, P Norberg, C M Baugh, C S Frenk, I Baldry, J Bland-Hawthorn, T Bridges, R Cannon, M Colless, C Collins, W Couch, N J G Cross, G Dalton, V R Eke, R De Propris, S P Driver, G EfstathiouR S Ellis, K Glazebrook, C Jackson, A Jenkins, O Lahav, I Lewis, S Lumsden, S Maddox, D Madgwick, B A Peterson, W Sutherland, K Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a power-spectrum analysis of the final 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS), employing a direct Fourier method. The sample used comprises 221 414 galaxies with measured redshifts. We investigate in detail the modelling of the sample selection, improving on previous treatments in a number of respects. A new angular mask is derived, based on revisions to the photometric calibration. The redshift selection function is determined by dividing the survey according to rest-frame colour, and deducing a self-consistent treatment of k-corrections and evolution for each population. The covariance matrix for the power-spectrum estimates is determined using two different approaches to the construction of mock surveys, which are used to demonstrate that the input cosmological model can be correctly recovered. We discuss in detail the possible differences between the galaxy and mass power spectra, and treat these using simulations, analytic models and a hybrid empirical approach. Based on these investigations, we are confident that the 2dFGRS power spectrum can be used to infer the matter content of the universe. On large scales, our estimated power spectrum shows evidence for the 'baryon oscillations' that are predicted in cold dark matter (CDM) models. Fitting to a CDM model, assuming a primordial n(s)=1 spectrum, h=0.72 and negligible neutrino mass, the preferred parameters are Omega(m)h=0.168 +/- 0.016 and a baryon fraction Omega(b)/Omega(m)=0.185 +/- 0.046 (1 sigma errors). The value of Omega(m)h is 1 sigma lower than the 0.20 +/- 0.03 in our 2001 analysis of the partially complete 2dFGRS. This shift is largely due to the signal from the newly sampled regions of space, rather than the refinements in the treatment of observational selection. This analysis therefore implies a density significantly below the standard Omega(m)=0.3: in combination with cosmic microwave background (CMB) data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), we infer Omega(m)=0.231 +/- 0.021.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-534
Number of pages30
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2005


Dive into the research topics of 'The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: power-spectrum analysis of the final data set and cosmological implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this