The application of particle filters in single trial event-related potential estimation

Hamid R Mohseni, Kianoush Nazarpour, Edward L Wilding, Saeid Sanei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, an approach for the estimation of single trial event-related potentials (ST-ERPs) using particle filters (PFs) is presented. The method is based on recursive Bayesian mean square estimation of ERP wavelet coefficients using their previous estimates as prior information. To enable a performance evaluation of the approach in the Gaussian and non-Gaussian distributed noise conditions, we added Gaussian white noise (GWN) and real electroencephalogram (EEG) signals recorded during rest to the simulated ERPs. The results were compared to that of the Kalman filtering (KF) approach demonstrating the robustness of the PF over the KF to the added GWN noise. The proposed method also outperforms the KF when the assumption about the Gaussianity of the noise is violated. We also applied this technique to real EEG potentials recorded in an odd-ball paradigm and investigated the correlation between the amplitude and the latency of the estimated ERP components. Unlike the KF method, for the PF there was a statistically significant negative correlation between amplitude and latency of the estimated ERPs, matching previous neurophysiological findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1101-1116
Number of pages16
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Issue number10
Early online date16 Sep 2009
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009


  • Electroencephalography/methods
  • Evoked Potentials/physiology
  • Humans
  • Reaction Time/physiology


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