The association between perihaematomal oedema and functional outcome after spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Maaike P Cliteur, Lotte Sondag, Laura Cunningham, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Neshika Samarasekera, Catharina Jm Klijn, Floris Hbm Schreuder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Purpose:
Perihaematomal oedema (PHO) formation has gained increasing interest as a therapeutic target after spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Whether PHO contributes to poor outcome is unclear. We aimed to determine the association between PHO and outcome in patients with spontaneous ICH.
Method:
We searched five databases up to 17 November 2021 for studies of ⩾10 adults with ICH reporting the presence of PHO and outcome. We assessed risk of bias, extracted aggregate data and used random effects meta-analysis to pool studies that reported odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Primary outcome was poor functional outcome defined as modified Rankin Scale score of 3–6 at 3 months. Additionally, we assessed PHO growth and poor outcome at any time of follow-up. We prospectively registered the protocol in PROSPERO (CRD42020157088).
Findings:
We identified 12,968 articles, of which we included 27 studies (n = 9534). Eighteen studies reported an association between larger PHO volume and poor outcome, six a neutral result and three an inverse relationship. Larger absolute PHO volume was associated with poor functional outcome at 3 months (OR per mL increase of absolute PHO 1.03, 95% CI 1.00–1.06, I2 44%, four studies). Additionally, PHO growth was associated with poor outcome (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02–1.06, I2 0%, seven studies).
Discussion:
In patients with spontaneous ICH, larger PHO volume is associated with poor functional outcome at 3 months. These findings support the development and investigation of new therapeutic interventions targeting PHO formation to evaluate if reduction of PHO improves outcome after ICH.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Stroke Journal
Early online date22 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Feb 2023

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