AIMS: Ovarian gynandroblastomas are rare tumours that, by definition, comprise a combination of components resembling both female, typically granulosa cell tumour (GCT), and male, typically Sertoli or Sertoli/Leydig cell tumour (ST/SLT), sex cord/stromal differentiation. The histogenesis of these tumours is unknown and, in view of the very strong association between the C134W (402 C>G) FOXL2 mutation and adult-type GCT, we analysed a series of gynandroblastomas for this mutation.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Both components of each lesion were isolated by laser capture microdissection and the C134W (402 C>G) FOXL2 mutation was analysed by polymerase chain reaction sequencing. No mutation was identified in either the GCT or ST/SLT component of six cases, three of which contained adult-type GCT.
CONCLUSIONS: This suggests that, despite their similar morphological appearances, the GCT-like component of gynandroblastoma has a different molecular basis from conventional adult-type GCT. This finding underscores a more general principle that morphological similarity does not necessarily indicate molecular identity.
- DNA Mutational Analysis
- Forkhead Transcription Factors
- Genetic Association Studies
- Granulosa Cell Tumor
- Laser Capture Microdissection
- Middle Aged
- Ovarian Neoplasms
- Point Mutation
- Young Adult