The canine telomerase catalytic subunit (dogTERT): characterisation of the gene promoter and identification of proximal core sequences necessary for specific transcriptional activity in canine telomerase positive cell lines

S Long, D J Argyle, E A Gault, S Campbell, L Nasir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Telomerase biology is complicated by studies that show that telomere expression and telomere biology differs between species, and that existing animal models do not closely resemble the human situation. We have previously reported a description of telomere/telomerase biology in the dog and have suggested this as an alternative model system. To further elucidate telomerase biology in this species we have cloned and characterised the canine reverse transcriptase (dogTERT) promoter. We demonstrate that core promoter activity is contained within a region extending approximately 300 bp upstream of the ATG codon. Transient transfections in telomerase-positive canine cell lines and telomerase negative fibroblasts showed that the promoter is only active in telomerase positive cell lines. Sequence analysis demonstrated that the 5' regulatory region is GC-rich and contains no TATA or CAAT box, similar to the human TERT promoter. Motif searches revealed the presence of multiple transcription factor binding sites common to both the human and canine TERT promoters, including a single E-box, Sp1, AP1, MZF-2 and ER/Sp1 binding sites. These findings suggest that the dogTERT gene shares similar transcriptional control to hTERT. Identification of the core promoter necessary for activity may allow the use of naturally occurring cancers in dogs as a preclinical testing ground for telomerase targeted therapies in human cancer patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-20
Number of pages10
JournalGene
Volume358
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Codon, Initiator
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Dogs
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Response Elements
  • Species Specificity
  • TATA Box
  • Telomerase
  • Telomere
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transfection

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