The case for Bi-directional charging of electric vehicles in low voltage distribution networks

C Crozier, T Morstyn, M Deakin, M McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, there has been growing interest in AC vehicle-to-grid charging in residential networks. Bi-directional smart charging offers additional flexibility compared to uni-directional smart chargers, but are expensive to install and implement. This paper investigates the costs and benefits to the distribution network that bi-directional charging provides, relative to uni-directional charging. Benefit is quantified in terms of the reduction in the peak demand of the network, and costs are quantified with the increase in throughput of the vehicles’ batteries and the increase in electrical losses in the system. Measured data and representative networks are used to construct two representative case studies of residential charging, one in the UK and one in Texas, US.
Original languageEnglish
Article number114214
JournalApplied Energy
Volume259
Early online date30 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Electric vehicles
  • Losses
  • Low-voltage networks
  • Vehicle-to-grid

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