The cell wall-modifying xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase LeXTH1 is expressed during the defence reaction of tomato against the plant parasite Cuscuta reflexa

M Albert, M Werner, P Proksch, S C Fry, R Kaldenhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A suppressive subtractive hybridization technique was used to identify genes, which were induced during the early phases of the interaction between dodder (Cuscuta reflexa), a phanerogamic parasite, and its incompatible host plant tomato. One of the identified genes encodes a tomato xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase (XTH) - an enzyme involved in cell wall elongation and restructuring. The corresponding LeXTH1 mRNA accumulated 6 h after attachment of the parasite. In contrast, wounding did not influence the expression level. Subsequent to LeXTH1 mRNA accumulation, an increase in XTH activity at the infection sites as well as in adjacent tissues was observed. The effect of IAA on LeXTH1 expression was analyzed because the concentration of this phytohormone is known to increase in the tomato tissue during the interaction with the parasite. LeXTH1 mRNA accumulation was it! fact induced by external application of auxin. However, in the auxin-insensitive tomato mutant diageotropica, Cuscuta induced LeXTH1-mRNA accumulated with a time course similar to wild type tomato. Thus, auxin appears not to be an essential signal for infection-induced LeXTH1 activation. Our data suggest a role for xyloglucan transglycosylation in defence reactions associated with the incompatible tomato-Cuscuta interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Biology
Volume6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The cell wall-modifying xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase LeXTH1 is expressed during the defence reaction of tomato against the plant parasite Cuscuta reflexa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this