The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III DR9 Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: testing deviations from Λ and general relativity using anisotropic clustering of galaxies

Lado Samushia, Beth A. Reid, Martin White, Will J. Percival, Antonio J. Cuesta, Lucas Lombriser, Marc Manera, Robert C. Nichol, Donald P. Schneider, Dmitry Bizyaev, Howard Brewington, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Daniel Oravetz, Kaike Pan, Audrey Simmons, Alaina Shelden, Stephanie Snedden, Jeremy L. Tinker, Benjamin A. WeaverDonald G. York, Gong-Bo Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We use the joint measurement of geometry and growth from anisotropic galaxy clustering in the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) Data Release 9 (DR9) CMASS sample reported by Reid et al. to constrain dark energy (DE) properties and possible deviations from the general relativity (GR). Assuming GR and taking a prior on the linear matter power spectrum at high redshift from the cosmic microwave background (CMB), anisotropic clustering of the CMASS DR9 galaxies alone constrains Ωm = 0.308 ± 0.022 and 100Ωk = 5.9 ± 4.8 for w = -1, or w = -0.91 ± 0.12 for Ωk = 0. When combined with the full CMB likelihood, the addition of the anisotropic clustering measurements to the spherically averaged baryon acoustic oscillation location increases the constraining power on DE by a factor of 4 in a flat cold dark matter (CDM) cosmology with constant DE equation of state w (giving w = -0.87 ± 0.05). This impressive gain depends on our measurement of both the growth of structure and the Alcock-Paczynski effect, and is not realized when marginalizing over the amplitude of redshift-space distortions. Combining with both the CMB and Type Ia supernovae, we find Ωm = 0.281 ± 0.014 and 1000Ωk = -9.2 ± 5.0 for w = -1, or w0 = -1.13 ± 0.12 and wa = 0.65 ± 0.36 assuming Ωk = 0. Finally, when a ΛCDM background expansion is assumed, the combination of our estimate of the growth rate with previous growth measurements provides tight constraints on the parameters describing possible deviations from GR giving γ = 0.64 ± 0.05. For one-parameter extensions of the flat ΛCDM model, we find a ˜2σ preference either for w > -1 or slower growth than in GR. However, the data are fully consistent with the concordance model, and evidence for these additional parameters is weaker than 2σ.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1514-1528
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume429
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013

Keywords

  • gravitation
  • cosmological parameters
  • dark energy
  • dark matter
  • distance scale
  • large-scale structure of Universe

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