The Completion of a Sound Change in California English

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The fronting of the nucleus of the high back vowel /u/, as in the keyword GOOSE [21], is a sound change in progress that has been widely documented throughout the English-speaking world. This paper provides a detailed analysis of the GOOSE-fronting among a sample of 30 speakers from San Francisco, California, stratified according to age, gender, and ethnicity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ICPhS XVII
Place of PublicationHong Kong
PublisherThe International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • vowel fronting
  • sound change
  • age
  • ethnicity
  • English


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