The connection between star formation and supermassive Black Hole activity in the local Universe

O Torbaniuk*, M Paolillo, F Carrera, S Cavuoti, C Vignali, G Longo, J Aird

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We present a study of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity in the local Universe (z < 0.33) and its correlation with the host galaxy properties, derived from an Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS DR8) sample with spectroscopic star-formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass (⁠M∗

⁠) determination. To quantify the level of AGN activity we used X-ray information from the XMM-Newton Serendipitous Source Catalogue (3XMM DR8). Applying multiwavelength AGN selection criteria (optical BPT-diagrams, X-ray/optical ratio etc) we found that 24 per cent of the detected sources are efficiently-accreting AGN with moderate-to-high X-ray luminosity, which are twice as likely to be hosted by star-forming galaxies than by quiescent ones. The distribution of the specific Black Hole accretion rate (sBHAR, λsBHAR) shows that nuclear activity in local, non-AGN dominated galaxies peaks at very low accretion rates (−4 ≲ log λsBHAR ≲ −3) in all stellar mass ranges. However, we observe systematically larger values of sBHAR for galaxies with active star-formation than for quiescent ones, as well as an increase of the mean λsBHAR with SFR for both star-forming and quiescent galaxies. These findings confirm the decreased level of AGN activity with cosmic time and are consistent with a scenario where both star-formation and AGN activity are fuelled by a common gas reservoir.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2619-2637
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date28 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • astro-ph.GA


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