The differentiation program of embryonic definitive hematopoietic stem cells is largely alpha4 integrin independent

Ruby Gribi, Lilian Hook, Janice Ure, Alexander Medvinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous analyses of the roles of alpha4 integrins in hematopoiesis by other groups have led to conflicting evidence. alpha4 integrin mutant cells developing in [alpha4 integrin(-/-): wt] chimeric mice are not capable of completing lymphomyeloid differentiation, whereas conditional inactivation of alpha4 integrin in adult mice has only subtle effects. We show here that circumventing the fetal stage of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) development by transplantation of embryonic alpha4 integrin(-/-) cells into the adult microenvironment results in robust and stable long-term generation of alpha4 integrin(-/-) lymphoid and myeloid cells, although colonization of Peyer patches and the peritoneal cavity is significantly impaired. We argue here that collectively, our data and the data from other groups suggest a specific requirement for alpha4 integrin during the fetal/neonatal stages of HSC development that is essential for normal execution of the lymphomyeloid differentiation program.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-9
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2006

Keywords

  • cell adhesion and motility
  • hematopeoiesis and stem cells
  • stem cells in hematology

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