The early influence of phonology on a phonetic change

Josef Fruehwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The conventional wisdom regarding the diachronic process whereby phonetic phenomena become phonologized appears to be the “error accumulation” model, so called by Baker, Archangeli, and Mielke (2011). Under this model, biases in the phonetic context result in production or perception errors, which are misapprehended by listeners as target productions, and over time accumulate in new target productions. In this paper, Iexplore the predictions of the hypocorrection model for one phonetic change (pre-voiceless /ay/ raising) in detail. I argue that properties of the phonetic context under-predict and mischaracterize the contextual conditioning on this phonetic change. Rather, it appears that categorical, phonological conditioning is present from the very onset of this change
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-410
Issue number2
Early online date30 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • phonologization
  • hypocorrection
  • phonetic change
  • Canadian raising
  • sociolinguistics


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