The economic and environmental impact of power to hydrogen/power to methane facilities on hybrid power-natural gas energy systems

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Abstract / Description of output

The curtailment of renewable energy would be reduced by converting it to hydrogen or methane using power to hydrogen (P2H) facilities or power to methane (P2M) facilities. Both hydrogen and methane can be injected into the existing natural gas system which has significant potential to unlock the inherent flexibility of integrated energy systems. The coordinated operation strategy of the hybrid power-natural gas energy systems considering P2H and P2M is proposed aiming to minimize the operational cost. In addition, a method to calculate the higher heating value of hydrogen-natural gas mixture is presented along with a strategy for handling the constraints of hydrogen mixture level limits. The simulation results of three case studies demonstrate the economic and environmental benefits of P2H/P2M in terms of reductions in cost, CO2 emissions and wind power curtailment. The differences in benefits between P2H and P2M have also been compared and analyzed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20200-20209
JournalInternational journal of hydrogen energy
Volume45
Issue number39
Early online date26 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2020

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