The effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on upper body muscular strength and endurance

James Dunkin, Shaun Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinsing rapidly increases corticomotor output and maximal muscle force production, which could enhance muscular strength and endurance during resistance exercise. However, previous research has found no effect of CHO rinsing on muscular strength or endurance. The current study altered the CHO rinse composition and frequency, and the muscular endurance test, to further investigate the effects of a CHO mouth rinse on upper body muscular strength and endurance. Twelve recreationally resistance trained males (mean ± SD age 22 ± 1 years, height 179.2 ± 1.8 cm, body mass 80.9 ± 6.1 kg) completed a bench press protocol (1 repetition maximum (RM) test followed by repetitions to failure at 40% of 1RM) on three occasions. Subjects rinsed 25ml of an 18% CHO solution or a placebo for 10 seconds before 1RM and repetitions to failure, and completed a no-rinse control condition. Felt arousal (FA) was measured before and after each rinse, heart rate (HR) was measured before and after both exercise protocols, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was recorded after repetitions to failure. Rinsing did not influence 1RM (p = 0.680, partial eta= 0.03), repetitions to failure (p = 0.677, partial eta= 0.04) or exercise volume (load x reps; p = 0.600, partial eta2 = 0.05). There were no significant treatment effects for HR (p = 0.677, partial eta2 = 0.04), FA (p = 0.674, partial eta2 = 0.04) or RPE (p = 0.604, partial eta= 0.05). A CHO mouth rinse does not improve upper body muscular strength or endurance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1948-1953
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume31
Issue number7
Early online date20 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • resistance exercise
  • bench press
  • fatigue
  • arousal

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