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This paper contributes evidence for the claim that gestures used to support numerical thinking can simulate prior concrete experiences. 114 children aged 6-9 years explained a numerical relationship (additive composition) three times consecutively. All children explained without materials for the 1st and 3rd explanation. For the 2nd explanation, children were randomly assigned to one of three conditions to use: physical objects; a number line; or no materials (control condition) to explain their thinking. Findings showed how using physical objects significantly influenced the particular types of gestures (e.g. splitting), hand morphology (e.g. pinching), and words (e.g. "take", "big") that children used in subsequent explanations without materials. Similar (although less pronounced) priming effects were found for the number line condition. The study provides support for conceptual metaphor theory (used to categorize gestures and language), and the potential for gesture research to address long-standing questions concerning the role of concrete materials in learning.
|Title of host publication||12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences, ICLS 2016|
|Subtitle of host publication||Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners, Proceedings|
|Publisher||International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2016|
|Event||12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners, ICLS 2016 - Singapore, Singapore|
Duration: 20 Jun 2016 → 24 Jun 2016
|Publisher||International Society of the Learning Sciences|
|Conference||12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners, ICLS 2016|
|Period||20/06/16 → 24/06/16|
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