The effect of the Texel muscling QTL (TM-QTL) on meat quality traits in crossbred lambs

N.R. Lambe, J.M. Macfarlane, R.I. Richardson, O. Matika, W. Haresign, L. Bunger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A quantitative trait locus (QTL) has been identified on chromosome 18 in Texel sheep (TM-QTL) that increases depth and area of the longissimus dorsi muscle. The study aimed to assess the pleiotropic QTL effects on key meat quality traits (toughness and intramuscular fat content after 7 days aging) of crossbred lambs carrying one copy of the TM-QTL. The results showed that male Texel ž Mule lambs carrying the TM-QTL had significantly less intramuscular fat (1.86% versus 2.25%) and higher toughness, with increased variation, in the loin muscle, compared to non-carrier males. Similar conclusions were obtained using two different types of tenderometer equipment: one using the Volodkevitch test (average shear force of 4.17 kgF or 40.9 N for carrier males, 2.61 kgF or 25.6 N for non-carrier males) and one using the MIRINZ test (average shear force of 6.18 kgF or 60.6 N for carrier males, 5.22 kgF or 51.2 N for non-carrier males). Although most toughness measurements were within published consumer acceptability limits, a few individual TM-QTL carrier lambs had unacceptably tough meat, despite enhanced post-slaughter processing. The TM-QTL did not significantly affect loin toughness in female lambs, leg toughness in either sex, or intramuscular fat content. These results should be considered, alongside direct effects of the TM-QTL on muscling and carcass composition, in recommendations for the use of this QTL by sheep breeders. Copyright ¸ 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-690
Number of pages7
JournalMeat Science
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • lambs meat eating quality meat quality muscularity QTL Texel

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