The effects of cell size and ploidy on cell allocation in mouse chimaeric blastocysts

P C Tang, W A Ritchie, I Wilmut, J D West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a previous study of mouse tetraploid<-->diploid chimaeric blastocysts, tetraploid cells were found to be more abundant in the trophectoderm than the inner cell mass (ICM) and more abundant in the mural trophectoderm than the polar trophectoderm. This non-random allocation of tetraploid cells to different regions of the chimaeric blastocyst may contribute to the restricted tissue distribution seen in post-implantation stage tetraploid<-->diploid chimaeras. However, the tetraploid and diploid embryos that were aggregated together differed in several respects: the tetraploid embryos had fewer cells and these cells were bigger and differed in ploidy. Each of these factors might underlie a non-random allocation of tetraploid cells to the chimaeric blastocyst. A combination of micromanipulation and electrofusion was used to produce two series of chimaeras that distinguished between the effects of cell size and ploidy on the allocation of cells to different tissues in chimaeric blastocysts. When aggregated cells differed in cell size but not ploidy, the derivatives of the larger cell contributed significantly more to the mural trophectoderm and polar trophectoderm than the ICM. When aggregated cells differed in ploidy but not cell size, the tetraploid cells contributed significantly more to the mural trophectoderm than the ICM. In both experiments the contributions to the polar trophectoderm tended to be intermediate between those of the mural trophectoderm and ICM. These experiments show that both the larger size and increased ploidy of tetraploid cells could have contributed to the non-random cell distribution that was observed in a previous study of tetraploid<-->diploid chimaeric blastocysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-43
Number of pages11
JournalZygote
Volume8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Blastocyst
  • Cell Size
  • Chimera
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Diploidy
  • Female
  • Globins
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Ploidies
  • Polyploidy
  • Transgenes

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