The effects of mindfulness-based interventions on symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder among children: A meta-analysis

Boglarka Vekety, Reka Kassai, Alexander Logemann, Zsofia Takacs

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

Background and objectives: There is growing evidence for the beneficial clinical and educational effects of mindfulness practices for children (Zoogman et al., 2014; Kaunhoven & Dorjee, 2017). Previous research has suggested that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) may improve executive functioning in children (Takacs & Kassai, under review). In the current meta-analytic review, the effect of MBIs for the reduction of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms was evaluated. Specifically, the primary aim was to determine the effectiveness of MBIs to decrease children’s inattentive and impulsive-hyperactive behavior, the two core symptoms of ADHD. The second objective was to identify potential moderators of treatment efficacy. In line with previous studies and our recent investigation, we expected that MBI's render improved attention and reduced impulsivity. The impact of this meta-analysis may extend to both clinical practice as well as to education. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in the databases of Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed and ProQuest. Published and unpublished (e.g., dissertations) studies that compared the effects of an MBI to a control group in a (quasi-) experimental design on inattentive or impulsive behavior in children (up to 12 years of age) were included in this quantitative synthesis.Results: Based on 17 studies, preliminary results showed that mindfulness training decreased children’s inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavioral symptoms with small, but significant overall effect size (g+ = 0.243). Considering the core symptoms of ADHD separately, results indicated no significant effect on inattentiveness (g+ = 0.220, k = 4, p = .189) but a marginally significant reduction in impulsivity (g+ = 0.213, k = 6, p = .094) in children. In addition to theafore mentioned results, potential moderators of effects (e.g., age, duration of intervention,clinical status, components of intervention) will be discussed as well.Discussion and conclusion: In conclusion, results indicate that MBIs have potential in decreasing impulsivity in children,the two core symptoms of ADHD. Possible top-down (e.g., conscious monitoring and regulation of attention) and bottom-up (e.g., stress and reactivity) mechanisms for this beneficial effect have been proposed (Zelazo & Lyons, 2012). Although, it has to be noted that the majority of the included studies recruited typically developing children, thus results should be interpreted carefully in relation to clinical samples.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2018
EventInternational Conference on Mindfulness 2018 - University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 10 Jul 201813 Jul 2018
https://www.cmc-ia.org/icm2018amsterdam/program/

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Mindfulness 2018
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period10/07/1813/07/18
Internet address

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