The effects of oblique waves and currents on the loadings and performance of tidal turbines

Thomas Bruce, Rodrigo Martinez mejia, Gregory Payne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Tidal energy exploitation is at an early deployment stage and costs need to be reduced to improve the long term economic viability of the sector. High costs of tidal turbines are, in part, the result of load uncertainties, which lead to the use of high factors of safety in the design to ensure survival. One of the most important causes of uncertainty is hydrodynamic loadings. To the authors’ knowledge, the work presented herein is the first experimental investigation of a horizontal axis turbine model subjected to combined oblique waves and current. Turbine performance and loading are measured for a 1:15 scale model tested in the FloWave circular, combined wave and current basin at the University of Edinburgh (UK). Three different flow directions were tested and each of them were also combined with regular waves in three different directions non-collinear with the flow. Waves affect the means and standard deviation of rotor power and thrust, but off-axis waves are associated with lower thrust loads than head-on waves. Compared to current only, rotor torque and thrust standard deviations are higher in the presence of waves and almost twice as high when the wave crest is parallel to the rotor plane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
JournalOcean Engineering
Early online date20 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2018

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Tidal energy, horizontal axis tidal rotor, wave-current interaction, performance characterisation, tank testing, physical modelling


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