The effects of UV radiation A and B on diurnal variation in photosynthesis in three taxonomically and ecologically diverse microbial mats

CS Cockell*, LJ Rothschild

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Photosynthetic primary production, the basis of most global food chains, is inhibited by UV radiation, Evaluating UV inhibition is therefore important for assessing the role of natural levels of UV radiation in regulating ecosystem behavior as well as the potential impact of stratospheric ozone depletion on global ecosystems, As both photosynthesis and UV fluxes :are subject to diurnal variations, we examined the diurnal variability of the effect of UV radiation on photosynthesis in three diverse algal mats, In one of the mats (Cyanidium caldarium) a small mean decrease in primary productivity over the whole day occurred when both UVA and UVB were screened out. In two of the mats (Lyngbya aestuarii and Zygogonium sp,) we found a mean increase in the total primary productivity over the day when UVB alone was screened and a further increase when UVA and UVB were both screened out. Variations in the effects of UV radiation were found at different times of the day. This diurnal variability may be because even under the same solar radiation flux, there are different factors that may control photosynthetic rate, including nutritional status and other physiological processes ill the cell. The results show the importance of assessing the complete diurnal productivity. For some of the time points the increase in the mean was still within the standard deviations in primary productivity, illustrating the difficulty in dissecting UV effects from other natural variations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalPhotochemistry and photobiology
Volume69
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1999

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • ULTRAVIOLET-RADIATION
  • OZONE DEPLETION
  • OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  • SOLAR-RADIATION
  • CARBON FIXATION
  • MARINE DIATOM
  • PHYTOPLANKTON
  • CYANOBACTERIA
  • GROWTH
  • INHIBITION

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