The Ethanolamine Permease EutH Promotes Vacuole Adaptation of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes during Macrophage Infection

Christopher J. Anderson, John Satkovich, Volkan K. Köseoğlu, Hervé Agaisse, Melissa M. Kendall*, Manuela Raffatellu (Editor)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Ethanolamine is a ubiquitous and essential molecule within a host. Significantly, bacterial pathogens exploit ethanolamine during infection to promote growth and regulate virulence. The ethanolamine permease EutH is dispensable for growth in vitro under standard conditions, whereas EutH is required for ethanolamine utilization at low pH. These findings suggested a model in which EutH facilitates diffusion of ethanolamine into the bacterial cell in acidic environments. To date, the ecological significance of this model has not been thoroughly investigated, and the importance of EutH to bacterial growth under physiologically relevant conditions is not known. During infection, immune cells internalize invading bacteria within an acidic, nutrient-depleted vacuole called the phagosome. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that EutH promotes bacterial survival following phagocytosis. Our findings indicate that EutH is important for survival and replication of the facultative intracellular pathogens Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes during prolonged or transient exposure to the phagosome, respectively. Furthermore, in agreement with EutH being important in the acidic environment, neutralization of the vacuole abolished the requirement for EutH. Significantly, consistent with a role for EutH in promoting intramacrophage survival, EutH was not required during S Typhimurium local intestinal infection but specifically conferred an advantage upon dissemination to peripheral organs. These findings reveal a physiologically relevant and conserved role for EutH in spatiotemporal niche adaptation during infection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume86
Issue number5
Early online date12 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2018

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