The Extended Overlap Alternate Arm Converter: A Voltage Source Converter with DC Fault Ride-Through Capability and a Compact Design

Michaël Marc Claude Merlin, Diego Soto Sanchez, Paul Daniel Judge, Geraint Chaffey, Phil Clemow, Tim C. Green, David R. Trainer, Kevin J. Dyke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The alternate arm converter (AAC) was one of the first modular converter topologies to feature dc-side fault ride-through capability with only a small penalty in power efficiency. However, the simple alternation of its arm conduction periods (with an additional short overlap period) resulted in 1) substantial six-pulse ripples in the dc current waveform, 2) large dc-side filter requirements, and 3) limited operating area close to an energy sweet spot. This paper presents a new mode of operation called extended overlap (EO) based on the extension of the overlap period to 60°, which facilitates a fundamental redefinition of the working principles of the AAC. The EO-AAC has its dc current path decoupled from the ac current paths, a fact allowing 1) smooth dc current waveforms, 2) elimination of dc filters, and 3) restriction lifting on the feasible operating point. Analysis of this new mode and EO-AAC design criteria are presented and subsequently verified with tests on an experimental prototype. Finally, a comparison with other modular converters demonstrates that the EO-AAC is at least as power efficient as a hybrid modular multilevel converter (MMC) (i.e., a dc fault ride-through-capable MMC), while offering a smaller converter footprint because of a reduced requirement for energy storage in the submodules and a reduced inductor volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3898 - 3910
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume33
Issue number5
Early online date3 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • AC-DC Power Conversion
  • Active filters
  • Capacitive Energy Storage
  • Capacitors
  • Fault currents
  • HVDC transmission
  • HVDC Transmission
  • Inductors
  • Power System Faults
  • Power system stability
  • Power Transmission Protection
  • Switches
  • Topology

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