The Fractured ‘We’ and the ‘Ethnonational ‘I’ – the Macedonian Citizenship Framework

Ljubica Spaskova

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issuepeer-review


This article discusses some of the salient features of the post-2001 Macedonian citizenship model, understood not only as a legal formula, but also as a social and cultural fact (Brubaker, R., 1994. Citizenship and nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge/London: Harvard University Press). By using the analytical lens of two competing conceptions of nationhood and citizenship (political vs. ethno-cultural), the article analyses the phenomenon of ‘fractured citizenship’, as reflected in the apparent tension between an official, elite-driven discourse of the Macedonian model of multi-ethnic democracy on the one hand, and diverging ethno-culturally coded initiatives, ideologies and perceptions, on the other. The article concludes that in the future the fractures will either ‘heal’ through a weakening of the ethnic dimension, or progress towards a new form of fragmented citizenship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-96
JournalCitizenship Studies
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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