The future of European integration to 2050 across scenarios and policy areas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter serves as a conclusion to the edited volume. It summarises the chapters and compares their findings on the White Paper’s five scenarios – and additional scenarios – on the future of Europe revealed through the preceding expert contributions. The chapter also discusses the drivers of these scenarios, which help to organise and highlight the contributions made through the analysis in the individual chapters. The conclusions highlight central challenges for the European Union (EU) and provide new and practical insights for studying, understanding and planning European futures to 2050 and beyond.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Futures
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Crossroads for the European Union of 2050
EditorsChad Damro, Elke Heins, Drew Scott
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781003009733
ISBN (Print)9780367444433, 9780367444389
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2021

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in European Politics


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