The Gaia-ESO Survey: Dynamical models of flattened, rotating globular clusters

Sarah M. R. Jeffreson, Jason L. Sanders, N. W. Evans, Angus A. Williams, G. F. Gilmore, Amelia Bayo, Angela Bragaglia, Ettore Flaccomio, Richard Jackson, Robert D. Jeffries, Paul Jofre, S. E. Koposov, Carmela Lardo, Lorenzo Morbidelli, Elena Pancino, Simone Zaggia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a family of self-consistent axisymmetric rotating globular cluster models which are fitted to spectroscopic data for NGC 362, NGC 1851, NGC 2808, NGC 4372, NGC 5927 and NGC 6752 to provide constraints on their physical and kinematic properties, including their rotation signals. They are constructed by flattening Modified Plummer profiles, which have the same asymptotic behaviour as classical Plummer models, but can provide better fits to young clusters due to a slower turnover in the density profile. The models are in dynamical equilibrium as they depend solely on the action variables. We employ a fully Bayesian scheme to investigate the uncertainty in our model parameters (including mass-to-light ratios and inclination angles) and evaluate the Bayesian evidence ratio for rotating to non-rotating models. We find convincing levels of rotation only in NGC 2808. In the other clusters, there is just a hint of rotation (in particular, NGC 4372 and NGC 5927), as the data quality does not allow us to draw strong conclusions. Where rotation is present, we find that it is confined to the central regions, within radii of $R \leq 2 r_h$. As part of this work, we have developed a novel q-Gaussian basis expansion of the line-of-sight velocity distributions, from which general models can be constructed via interpolation on the basis coefficients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Early online date11 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • astro-ph.GA

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