The Gemini NICI Planet-Finding Campaign: Asymmetries in the HD 141569 disc

Beth A. Biller, Michael C. Liu, Ken Rice, Zahed Wahhaj, Eric Nielsen, Thomas Hayward, Marc Kuchner, Laird M. Close, Mark Chun, Christ Ftaclas, Douglas W. Toomey

Research output: Working paper

Abstract

We report here the highest resolution near-IR imaging to date of the HD 141569A disc taken as part of the NICI Science Campaign. We recover 4 main features in the NICI images of the HD 141569 disc discovered in previous HST imaging: 1) an inner ring / spiral feature. Once deprojected, this feature does not appear circular. 2) an outer ring which is considerably brighter on the western side compared to the eastern side, but looks fairly circular in the deprojected image. 3) an additional arc-like feature between the inner and outer ring only evident on the east side. In the deprojected image, this feature appears to complete the circle of the west side inner ring and 4) an evacuated cavity from 175 AU inwards. Compared to the previous HST imaging with relatively large coronagraphic inner working angles (IWA), the NICI coronagraph allows imaging down to an IWA of 0.3". Thus, the inner edge of the inner ring/spiral feature is well resolved and we do not find any additional disc structures within 175 AU. We note some additional asymmetries in this system. Specifically, while the outer ring structure looks circular in this deprojection, the inner bright ring looks rather elliptical. This suggests that a single deprojection angle is not appropriate for this system and that there may be an offset in inclination between the two ring / spiral features. We find an offset of 4+-2 AU between the inner ring and the star center, potentially pointing to unseen inner companions.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherArXiv
Pages5224
Volume1504
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

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