The gene for cherubism maps to chromosome 4p16.3

J Mangion, N Rahman, S Edkins, R Barfoot, T Nguyen, A Sigurdsson, J V Townend, D R Fitzpatrick, A M Flanagan, M R Stratton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cherubism is a rare familial disease of childhood characterized by proliferative lesions within the mandible and maxilla that lead to prominence of the lower face and an appearance reminiscent of the cherubs portrayed in Renaissance art. Resolution of these bony abnormalities is often observed after puberty. Many cases are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, although several cases without a family history have been reported. Using two families with clinically, radiologically, and/or histologically proved cherubism, we have performed a genomewide linkage search and have localized the gene to chromosome 4p16.3, with a maximum multipoint LOD score of 5. 64. Both families showed evidence of linkage to this locus. Critical meiotic recombinants place the gene in a 3-cM interval between D4S127 and 4p-telomere. Within this region a strong candidate is the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3); mutations in this gene have been implicated in a diverse set of disorders of bone development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-7
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cherubism
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Lod Score
  • Male
  • Pedigree

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