The Generalized Complex Kernel Least-Mean-Square Algorithm

Rafael Boloix-Tortosa, Juan Jose ́ Murillo-Fuentes, Sotirios Tsaftaris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We propose a novel adaptive kernel-based regression method for complex-valued signals: the generalized complex-valued kernel least-mean-square (gCKLMS). We borrow from the new results on widely linear reproducing kernel Hilbert space (WL-RKHS) for nonlinear regression and complex-valued signals, recently proposed by the authors. This paper shows that in the adaptive version of the kernel regression for complex-valued signals we need to include another kernel term, the so-called pseudo-kernel. This new solution is endowed with better representation capabilities in complex-valued fields since it can efficiently decouple the learning of the real and the imaginary part. Also, we review previous realizations of the complex KLMS algorithm and its augmented version to prove that they can be rewritten as particular cases of the gCKLMS. Furthermore, important conclusions on the design of the kernels are drawn that help to greatly improve the convergence of the algorithms. In the experiments, we revisit the nonlinear channel equalization problem to highlight the better convergence of the gCKLMS compared to previous solutions. Also, the flexibility of the proposed generalized approach is tested in a second experiment with non-independent real and imaginary parts. The results illustrate the significant performance improvements of the gCKLMS approach when the complex-valued signals have different properties for the real and imaginary parts.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Early online date23 Aug 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Aug 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • kernel
  • signal processing al
  • Hilbert space
  • Proposals
  • Convergence
  • signal processing
  • adaption models
  • LMS
  • complex-valued
  • RKHS
  • Kernel Methods


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