The genomic history of southeastern Europe

Iain Mathieson, S. Alpaslan-Roodenberg, Cosimo Posth, A. Szécsényi-Nagy, Nadin Rohland, S. K. Mallick, Iñigo Olalde, N. Broomandkhoshbacht, F. Candilio, O. Cheronet, D. N. Fernandes, Mike Ferry, Beatriz Gamarra, G. González-Fortes, Wolfgang Haak, Eadaoin Harney, E. Jones, Damien J. Keating, B. Krause-Kyora, I. KucukkalipciMartha Michel, Alissa Mittnik, K. Nägele, M NOVAK, J. Oppenheimer, Nick Patterson, S. Pfrengle, Kendra Sirak, Kristin Stewardson, S. Vai, S. Alexandrov, K.W. Alt, Radian Andreescu, D. Antonović, A. Ash, N. Atanassova, K Bacvarov, M.B. Gusztáv, H. Bocherens, M. Bolus, Adina Boroneanţ, Y. Boyadzhiev, Bogdan A Budnik, J. Burmaz, S. Chohadzhiev, N.J. Conard, R. Cottiaux, M. Čuka, C. Cupillard, D.G. Drucker, Nedko Elenski, Michael Francken, B. Galabova, Georgi Ganetsovski, B. Gély, T. Hajdu, V. Handzhyiska, Katerina Harvati, T. Higham, S. Iliev, I. Janković, I. Karavanić, D.J. Kennett, Darko Komšo, A. M. Kozak, D. Labuda, Martina Lari, C. Lazar, M. Leppek, K. Leshtakov, D. Lo Vetro, Dzeni Los, I. Lozanov, M. Malina, F. Martini, K. McSweeney, H. Meller, M. Mentušić, Pavel Mirea, V. Moiseyev, V Petrova, T. Douglas Price, A. Simalcsik, L. Sineo, M. Šlaus, Vladimir Slavchev, P. Stanev, A. Starović, T. Szeniczey, S. Talamo, Maria Teschler-Nicola, C. Thevenet, I. Valchev, Frederic Valentin, S. Vasilyev, F. Veljanovska, S. Venelinova, E. Veselovskaya, B. Viola, C. Virag, J. Zaninović, S. Zaüner, P.W. Stockhammer, G. Catalano, R. Krauß, D. Caramelli, G. Zariną, B. Gaydarska, M. Lillie, A.G. Nikitin, I. Potekhina, K. A. Papathanasiou, D. Borić, C. Bonsall, J. Krause, Ron Pinhasi, D. Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Farming was first introduced to Europe in the mid-seventh millennium bc, and was associated with migrants from Anatolia who settled in the southeast before spreading throughout Europe. Here, to understand the dynamics of this process, we analysed genome-wide ancient DNA data from 225 individuals who lived in southeastern Europe and surrounding regions between 12000 and 500 bc. We document a west-east cline of ancestry in indigenous hunter-gatherers and, in eastern Europe, the early stages in the formation of Bronze Age steppe ancestry. We show that the first farmers of northern and western Europe dispersed through southeastern Europe with limited hunter-gatherer admixture, but that some early groups in the southeast mixed extensively with hunter-gatherers without the sex-biased admixture that prevailed later in the north and west. We also show that southeastern Europe continued to be a nexus between east and west after the arrival of farmers, with intermittent genetic contact with steppe populations occurring up to 2,000 years earlier than the migrations from the steppe that ultimately replaced much of the population of northern Europe. © 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-203
Number of pages7
Issue number7695
Early online date21 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2018


  • genetic variation
  • genomics


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