The glicosylation of the aspartic proteinases from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.)

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Abstract

Plant aspartic proteinases characterised at the molecular level contain one or more consensus N‐glycosylation sites [Runeberg‐Roos, P., Törmäkangas, K. & Östman, A. (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 202, 1021–1027; Asakura, T., Watanabe, H., Abe, K. & Arai, S. (1995) Eur. J. Biochem. 232, 77–83; Veríssimo, P., Faro, C., Moir, A. J. G., Lin, Y., Tang, J. & Pires, E. (1996) Eur. J. Biochem. 235, 762–7681. We found that the glycosylation sites are occupied for the barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) aspartic proteinase (Asn333) and the cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) aspartic proteinase, cardosin A (Asn70 and Asn363). The oligosaccharides from each site were released from peptide pools by enzymatic hydrolysis with peptide‐N‐glycanase A or by hydrazinolysis and their structures were determined by exoglycosidase sequencing combined with matrix‐assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. It was observed that 6% of the oligosaccharides from the first glycosylation site of cardosin A are of the oligomannose type. Modified type glycans with proximal Fuc and without Xyl account for about 82%, 14% and 3% of the total oligosaccharides from the first and the second glycosylation sites of cardosin A and from H. vulgare aspartic proteinase, respectively. Oligosaccharides with Xyl but without proximal Fuc were only detected in the latter proteinase (4%). Glycans with proximal Fuc and Xyl account for 6%, 86% and 92% of the total oligosaccharides from the first and second glycosylation sites of cardosin A and from H. vulgure aspartic proteinase, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1997

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