This chapter looks at queen Berenike II of Egypt and in particular her dedication at the temple of Arsinoe II at Cape Zephyrion in connection with her husband Ptolemy III Euergetes’ successful return from the Third Syrian War (246–241BCE). This dedication had been commemorated by Callimachus in his Lock of Berenice. On the basis of a full study of the political events of her lifetime and of representation in iconography, Llewellyn and Winder argue that Berenike set out to project herself as an equivalent of the Egyptian goddess Hathor. The role Berenike played in relation to her husband could thus be represented as analogous to Hathor’s role in relation to Horus, partly that of lover and partly that of protector.
|Title of host publication||Greco-Egyptian Interactions|
|Subtitle of host publication||Literature, Translation, and Culture, 500 BC–AD 300|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Feb 2016|