In his work on comparative federalism, Ivo D. Duchacek deﬁnes a federation as a political system in which ‘political authority is territorially divided between two autonomous sets of separate jurisdictions, one national [federal] and the other provincial [regional, cantonal]’ (Duchacek, 1969: 192; our emphasis). Constitutional lawyers and political scientists agree that Belgium has transformed from a decentralized into a fully ﬂedged federal state. However, Belgium does not entirely comply with Duchacek’s understanding of a federation. The concept of Belgian Regions (the Flemish Region, the Walloon Region and the Brussels Capital Region) clearly afﬁrms the territoriality principle, but the parallel existence of Belgian linguistic Communities (Flemish Community, French Community and German-speaking Community) deviates from it. Language has been the strongest force in the federalization process of Belgium, but not all three regions contain linguistically homogeneous populations.
|Title of host publication||State Territoriality and European Integration|
|Editors||Michael Burgess, Hans Vollaard|
|Number of pages||25|
|ISBN (Print)||9780415390460, 9780415663915|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Aug 2006|