The impact of contextual, maternal and prenatal factors on receptive language in a Chilean longitudinal birth cohort

María Francisca Morales, Chamarrita Farkas, Eleanor Aristotelous, Angus MacBeth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A secondary analysis was conducted on longitudinal data collected from ELPI, a representative Chilean survey to model Chilean infant’s receptive language using contextual, maternal and prenatal factors. The sample for the current study comprised children aged between 36 and 48 months (n = 3921). The sample was re-assessed when children were aged 60–72 months (n = 3100). Linear regression analyses were conducted. At the first time point, all the predictors included were significant (living area, health system provision, maternal intelligence and education, adolescent pregnancy, maternal medical appointments during pregnancy, and presence of a significant other at childbirth), except for smoking during pregnancy. The model explained 13% of the variance. However, when timepoint one receptive language scores were included in the analyses for when children were aged 60–72 months, only two variables remained as significant predictors: previous receptive language scores and maternal education, explaining 21% of the variance. Findings and implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChild psychiatry and human development
Early online date1 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • maternal characteristics
  • prenatal factors
  • receptive language
  • resource access
  • social support

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of contextual, maternal and prenatal factors on receptive language in a Chilean longitudinal birth cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this