The impact of environment and mergers on the H I content of galaxies in hydrodynamic simulations

Mika Rafieferantsoa, Romeel Davé, Daniel Anglés-Alcázar, Neal Katz, Juna A. Kollmeier, Benjamin D. Oppenheimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The instantaneous H I content of galaxies is thought to be governed by recent accretion and environment. We examine these effects within a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation that includes a heuristic galactic outflow model that reproduces basic observed trends of H I in galaxies. We show that this model reproduces the observed H I mass function in bins of stellar mass, as well as the H I richness (M_{H I}/M*) versus local galaxy density. For satellite galaxies in massive ( ≳ 1012 M⊙) haloes, the H I richness distribution is bimodal and the median drops towards the largest halo masses. The depletion time-scale of H I entering a massive halo is more rapid, in contrast to the specific star formation rate which shows little variation in the attenuation rate versus halo mass. This suggests that, up to the halo mass scales probed here ( ≲ 1014 M⊙), star formation is mainly attenuated by starvation, but H I is additionally removed by stripping once a hot gaseous halo is present. In low-mass haloes, the H I richness of satellites is independent of radius, while in very massive haloes they become gas-poor towards the centre, confirming the increasing strength of the stripping with halo mass. Mergers somewhat increase the H I richness and its scatter about the mean relation, tracking the metallicity in a way consistent with it arising from inflow fluctuations, while star formation is significantly boosted relative to H I.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3980-3998
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: haloes
  • galaxies: ISM


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