The Impact of ETA’s dissolution on domestic tourism in Spain

Augusto Voltes-Dorta, Juan Luis Jimenez, Ancor Suarez-Aleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

In late 2011, the Spanish terrorist organization ETA announced the end of armed violence after more than forty years of illegal activity. While the existing literature has already established the negative impact of terrorist actions on international tourism in a particular region, this paper aims to determine whether ETA’s final ceasefire and definitive dissolution had a positive impact on domestic tourism in Basque Country. To that end, a directed gravity model is estimated over a panel data-set of 699 domestic tourist flows between the Spanish regions from 2008 to 2013. Results suggest that the negative impact on visitor flows was localized in the Basque Country. Also, regardless of a permanent ceasefire announced in 2010, only the 2011 ‘definitive cessation of violence’ had an immediate significant impact on the number of visitors to the Basque Country. These results complement the scarce literature on post-conflict tourism analysis and may have implications for regional authorities in affected regions in their efforts to rebuild their destination brands.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalDefence and Peace Economics
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2015


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