The influence of apolipoprotein E genotype on outcome after spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage: A preliminary study

Laurence T. Dunn*, Elaine Stewart, Gordon D. Murray, J. A R Nicoll, Graham M. Teasdale

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Possession of an apolipoprotein E (APOE)ε4 allele has been shown to be associated with a poor outcome after closed head injury and spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage but not after ischemic stroke. This study assessed the influence of the APOE genotype on outcome in patients admitted to a neurosurgical unit with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage were studied. Four patients were excluded because the diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage was not confirmed. The incidence of rehemorrhage and delayed ischemia and the outcome at 6 months were determined using the Glasgow Outcome Scale. APOE genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme digestion. RESULTS: Allele frequencies in this patient group were 0.04 for ε2, 0.86 for ε3, and 0.1 for ε4. Of 96 patients, 72 had an aneurysmal hemorrhage and I had a hemorrhage from an arteriovenous malformation. In 14 patients, the results of angiography were negative, and in 9, no angiogram was performed. Of the 96 patients, 20 had one or more ε4 allele. Outcome at 6 months was no worse in patients with one or more ε4 allele than in those with no ε4 allele (odds ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.35-2.74). None of the 12 patients who experienced delayed ischemic deterioration had an ε4 allele. Of the 20 patients with an ε4 allele, 3 had a rehemorrhage, as compared with 6 of 76 patients without an ε4 allele. CONCLUSION: There was underrepresentation of the ε4 allele in this group when compared with previously studied cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage with a fatal outcome and with the general population. This suggests that patients with the ε4 allele who have a subarachnoid hemorrhage are less likely to be admitted to a neurosurgical unit. This study does not support an association between possession of an ε4 allele and poor outcome in patients admitted to a neurosurgical unit with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage, although the wide confidence interval does not preclude a clinically relevant association between APOE genotype and outcome. The findings indicate that an association between genotype and the development of delayed ischemic complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage may be possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1011
Number of pages6
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume48
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2001

Keywords

  • Apolipoproteins
  • Outcome
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

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