The initial boundary problem for the Korteweg-de Vries equation on the negative quarter-plane

T R Marchant, N F Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The initial boundary-value problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation on the negative quarter-plane, x < 0 and t > 0, is considered. The formulation of this problem is different to the usual initial boundary-value problem on the positive quarter-plane, for which x > 0 and t > 0. Two boundary conditions are required at x = 0 for the negative quarter-plane problem, in contrast to the one boundary condition needed at x = 0 for the positive quarter-plane problem. Solutions of the KdV equation on the infinite line, such as the soliton, cnoidal wave, mean height variation and undular bore solution, are used to find approximate solutions to the negative quarter-plane problem. Five qualitatively different types of solution are found, depending on the relation between the initial and boundary values. Excellent comparisons are obtained between these solutions and full numerical solutions of the KdV equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-871
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume458
Issue number2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2002

Keywords

  • KdV equation
  • modulation theory
  • initial boundary-value problems
  • EVOLUTION-EQUATIONS
  • DEVRIES EQUATION
  • TRANSFORM
  • MODEL

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