The instructed context of a motor task modulates covert response preparation and shifts of spatial attention

Elena Gherri, José Van Velzen, Martin Eimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated how covert response preparation is modulated by the instructed cognitive context of a motor task. Participants prepared left-hand or right-hand movements toward or away from the body midline, as indicated by a response cue (S1) presented prior to a go/no-go stimulus (S2). Different participants were instructed that response cues specified the response hand or movement direction, respectively. This emphasis on effector versus movement direction selection modulated lateralized ERP components triggered during the S1-S2 interval. Attention shifts during movement preparation were assessed by measuring ERPs to irrelevant visual probes. Enhanced N1 components were found for probes near the effector when effector selection was emphasized, but for probes near the movement target location when movement direction selection was emphasized. Results demonstrate strong top-down contextual biases on motor control and on the locus of spatial attention during response preparation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-67
Number of pages13
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Cues
  • Electroencephalography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Space Perception
  • Young Adult

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