The involvement of older people in their rehabilitation: Generating a substantive grounded theory

Norman A.S. Rickard, Charlotte Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Aim: To identify the process of involvement in rehabilitation and produce a substantive theory of involvement based on data from a grounded theory study.

Method: Qualitative data were collected longitudinally from 4 older people and 15 health care staff during the older people’s stay in a rehabilitation unit in the UK and after discharge. Data were collected as recorded interviews with the older person in rehabilitation, interviews with their practitioners and routine conversations between the participants and staff.

Results: The results suggest that involvement in rehabilitation operates through a set of Involvement Attributes which are either Psychologically-based or Action-based. The Involvement Attributes are: Vision and Incentive with Goal Planning, Setting and Achievement; a Disposition towards rehabilitation; Personal Learning; and Risk Taking, all operating within Therapeutic Relationships. To be maximally involved, the Involvement Attributes have to be strong and balanced, with alignment between the Psychological and Action-based attributes.

Conclusion: This study describes the components of involvement and how they interact within Therapeutic Relationships. Further research is now needed to demonstrate the transferability of this substantive theory in other settings and with other client groups.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
Issue number8
Early online date3 Aug 2015
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Aug 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • rehabilitation
  • grounded theory
  • patient participation
  • older people


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