Simon D Harding, Jane F Armstrong, Elena Faccenda, Christopher Southan, Stephen P.H. Alexander, Anthony P Davenport, Michael Spedding, Jamie A Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY (GtoPdb; is an open-access, expert-curated, online database that provides succinct overviews and key references for pharmacological targets and their recommended experimental ligands. It includes over 3039 protein targets and 12 163 ligand molecules, including approved drugs, small molecules, peptides and antibodies. Here, we report recent developments to the resource and describe expansion in content over the six database releases made during the last two years. The database update section of this paper focuses on two areas relating to important global health challenges. The first, SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19, remains a major concern and we describe our efforts to expand the database to include a new family of coronavirus proteins. The second area is antimicrobial resistance, for which we have extended our coverage of antibacterials in partnership with AntibioticDB, a collaboration that has continued through support from GARDP. We discuss other areas of curation and also focus on our external links to resources such as PubChem that bring important synergies to the resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)D1438–D1449
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Early online date28 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2024


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