The LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey Deep Fields - Data Release 1 IV. Photometric redshifts and stellar masses

K. J. Duncan, Rohit Kondapally, M. J. I. Brown, M. Bonato, P. N. Best, H. J. A. Röttgering, M Bondi, R. A. A. Bowler, R K Cochrane, G. Gurkan, M J Hardcastle, M J Jarvis, M. Kunert-Bajraszewska, S K Leslie, K Malek, L K Morabito, S. P. O'Sullivan, I Prandoni, J. Sabater, T W ShimwellD. J. B. Smith, L Wang, A Wolowska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) is a sensitive, high-resolution 120-168MHz survey split across multiple tiers over the Northern sky. The first LoTSS Deep Fields data release consists of deep radio continuum imaging at 150 MHz of the Bootes, ELAIS-N1 and Lockman Hole fields, down to an RMS sensitivity of ~32, 20 and 22 μJy beam-1, respectively. In this paper we present consistent photometric redshift (photo-z) estimates for the optical source catalogs in all three fields - totalling over 7 million sources (~ 5 million after limiting to regions with the best photometric coverage). Our photo-z estimation uses a hybrid methodology that combines template fitting and machine learning and is optimised to produce the best possible performance for the radio continuum selected sources and the wider optical source population. Comparing with spectroscopic redshift samples, we find a robust scatter ranging from 1.6 to 2% for galaxies and 6.4 to 7% for identifed optical, infrared or X-ray selected AGN. Our estimated outlier fractions, (zphot- zspec/(1 + zspec) > 0.15), for the corresponding subsets range from 1.5 to 1.8% and 18 to 22% respectively. Replicating trends seen in analysis of previous wide-area radio surveys, we find no strong trend in photo-z quality as a function of radio luminosity for a fixed redshift. We exploit the broad wavelength coverage available within each field to produce galaxy stellar mass estimates for all optical sources at z < 1:5. Stellar mass functions derived for each field are used to validate our mass estimates, with the resulting estimates in good agreement between each field and with published results from the literature.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA4
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2021

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